There exist numerous diseases that can affect the urinary system. The symptoms may
range from mild to severe. The most common symptoms are enlisted below.
This is a condition in which the bladder muscles become weak and control over urination
is lost. Patients with this disease will complain of leakage of urine, and loss
of control over urination on coughing and sneezing.
Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH) in Men
In this condition the prostrate (a gland that surrounds the urethra) enlarges, obstructing
the flow of urine. Symptoms such as difficulty urinating, incomplete sense of urination
and increased urinary frequency are common.
Infection of the bladder causes cystitis. Patients with cystitis will experience
a sharp pain while passing urine, and urgent and frequent need to pass urine, along
with low backaches and abdominal pains.
Urinary Tract Infection
It is most common in females. The patient complains of burning sensation and pain
while passing urine. Infections occur when bacteria multiply in the urinary tract.
The symptoms include an urgent need for passing urine and increase in the urinary
Bladder stones cause obstruction to the urinary flow. When the urine in the bladder
gets concentrated, it crystallises to form bladder stones.1